2 Philosophy based questions.

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1. In this week’s module we saw that because motives are not all that relevant according to Consequentialism, it wouldn’t matter who is doing the calculation of benefits and burdens in the assessment of utility. The calculation is purely objective. Indeed, to the utilitarian’s mind, the objectivity of the principle was intended to counterbalance the weight of archaic social customs and religious influences on social polices. Do you agree with the utilitarians that social and religious customs stand in the way of happiness? Briefly explain and defend your view.

We also saw this week that Mill’s justification for distinguishing higher and lower pleasures relies upon an empirical method of surveying those who have experienced a variety of pleasures, both high and low, and that Mill believed that those with the most varied experiences will agree that higher quality pleasures are well worth the effort (the pleasures of intellectual stimulation, friendship, and civic engagement, etc. were mentioned, as opposed to the satisfaction of only immediate physical pleasures). Mill thought that the weight of human experience allows us to predict that it is “better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied.” My question for you is, do you see any problems or shortcomings that might arise with Mill’s preferred method of justification? In this week’s module you were asked whether or not you wanted to step up in order to argue in defense of the fool? Provide your answer to that question here, along with your reasons for holding it. RESPONSE TO THIS NEEDS TO BE AT LEAST 100 WORDS

2. complete a Written Case Analysis of approximately 200-350 words . AMA Format. Please read Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues, Case 4e, p. 108. Identify the moral issue(s) and the parties involved and discuss the case with respect to the principle of utility, taking care to identify the benefits and burdens that pertain to the parties affected. File is uploaded below. Grading rubric is as follows:

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Not Attempted

(Criterion is missing
or not in evidence)

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Novice

(does not meet
expectations;
performance is
substandard)

Basic

(works towards meeting
expectations; performance
needs improvement)

Proficient

(meets expectations;
performance is
satisfactory)

Exemplary

(exceeds expectations;
performance is outstanding)

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Elements

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Score

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Analyzing case in
terms of the
principle of utility
(identification of
parties involved,
benefits and
burdens, and
alternative
possible actions or
policies)

90%

0-53.99%

Paraphrases the
information in the
case without
attempting an
analysis or states
opinions without
attempting an
analysis. Discusses
irrelevant facts

54-62.99%

Attempts to provide an
analysis of the case, but
does not connect
analysis to facts of the
case. Is vague on three
counts: identifying the
parties involved, the
benefits and burdens at
stake, and the alternative
possible actions or
policies at stake

63-71.99%

Attempts to provide
an analysis of the case;
connects analysis to facts
of the case; is vague on
two of the following:
identifying the parties
involved or the benefits and
burdens at stake, or the
alternative possible actions
or policies at stake

72-80.99%

Attempts to provide an
analysis of the case;
connects analysis to facts
of the case; is vague on
one of the following:
identifying the parties
involved or the benefits
and burdens at stake, or
the alternative possible
actions or policies at stake

81-90%

Provides a well-rounded analysis of
the case; connects analysis to facts
of the case; is successful in all
three of the following: identifying
the parties involved, the benefits
and burdens at stake, and the
alternative possible actions or
policies at stake

___/90

Mechanics of
Writing
10%

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0-5.99%

Little to no
evidence of proper
writing mechanics

6-6.99%

The grammar of the case
analysis greatly impedes
understanding of content

7-7.99%

The case analysis needs a
good deal of improvement
with respect to grammar,
spelling, and/or style

8-8.99%

The case analysis is
mostly free of errors with
respect to grammar,
spelling, and/or style, but
needs some improvement

9-10%

The case analysis is nearly perfect
with respect to grammar, spelling,
and style

___/10

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