Critical reading of a quantitative research article

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BA in education,

module name : understanding education: research and researching


Critical Reading of a Quantitative Research Article

You are to write a 1200 word report (±10%, so anything

between 1080 and 1320 words) critically reviewing the

following research paper

  • Stipek, D. J., & Byler, P. (1997). Early childhood education
  • teachers: Do they practice what they preach? Early

    Childhood Research Quarterly, 12(3), 305-325.

    Assessment Criteria

  • Your report must include a brief description of the aims
  • of the article you are reviewing

  • You should critically examine the authors’ choice of
  • methods (you may use the questions we adapted from

    Greenhalgh & Taylor in session 6 – see overleaf)

  • You must review some* of the statistics or graphs
  • which have been used in relation to the context and the

    type of data which has been recorded. Have the authors

    justified their approach?

  • You should cite at least three methods texts and/or other
  • studies that have been conducted in education to support

    your views. (E.g. if you feel that the author used an

    inappropriate test or didn’t do the right “checking tests”

    – use your lecture notes and other sources to explain


  • You can include some reflective commentary – do you
  • find the results interesting, convincing, well-justified?

    You might also consider what you have learned from the

    authors’ report which might have implications for your

    future quantitative research.

    * See next page

    Suggested structure

    The aim of this task is for you to critically explore at least

    some elements of the authors’ quantitative approach. It is

    recommended that you briefly summarise how the authors’

    methods might complement or support each other.

    You can use these questions as sub-headings if you wish.

    Explain that you are doing so when introducing the report

    (cite the EDU202 Powerpoint slides or explain how these

    are adapted from Greenhalgh & Taylor).

    PLEASE NOTE: You are not required to address all of these questions or all of the methods used in the paper.

  • Question 1: Did the paper describe an important
  • educational issue addressed via a clearly formulated


  • Question 2: Was a quantitative approach appropriate?
  • Question 3: How were the setting and the subjects
  • selected?

  • Question 4: What was the researcher’s perspective, and
  • has this been taken into account?

    (How have the authors’ positionality or epistemological

    beliefs around quantitative methods been declared or


  • Question 5: What methods did the researcher use for
  • collecting data and are these described in enough detail?

  • Question 6: What methods did the researcher use to
  • analyse the data and what quality control measures were

    implemented? (Assumption checks like Shapiro-Wilk


  • Question 7: Are the results credible, and if so, are they
  • educationally important?

  • Question 8: What conclusions were drawn, and are they
  • justified by the results?

  • Question 9: Are the findings of the study transferable to
  • other educational settings?

  • Question 10: Has anything in this paper made me change
  • how I will approach reading or reporting quantitative

    research in future?

    Notes on referencing:

    Include the full reference for the paper you are reviewing at

    the end of the task. You don’t need to keep referencing it

    within the text itself, instead just use page numbers (p. 4) to indicate where you are referring to parts of the paper.

    When you use other sources like methods texts or other

    research, reference them as usual with a citation in the text

    (Connolly, 2001, p. 43) and an entry in the reference list at the

    end of the task.

    Notes on advanced methods:

    Some of the papers may involve statistical techniques that you

    have not yet covered.

    You can still review these papers using the questions

    above! You can comment on how clearly the author has

    explained the purpose and appropriateness of their chosen

    method. You can also consider how clearly the author has

    reported their results.

    i have provide the literature article that need to critical review in this essay,and also provide two example of this essay that written by previous student

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